Søndag d. 19. november – kl. 17.00

P-pillen reddede kvinderne

I 1960 blev p-pillen frigivet og kom først på markedet i USA. Fra 1966 gav den lille pille også danske kvinder adgang til et bekvemt præventionsmiddel der tilbød høj beskyttelse i forhold til tidligere ubehagelige- og usikre metoder.

Af: Jakob Kristensen


Præventionsmidler før p-pillen

Før 1966 blev der brugt forskellige metoder for at undgå graviditet. Nogle piger udskyllede sig med en blanding af fx Vand, og eddike eller vand og natron, da man udover kondomer mente, at det var den bedste løsning for at dræbe sædcellerne.

Der var mange myter omkring hvordan man blev gravid dengang. Derfor kunne nogle unge piger være bange for at blive gravide bare ved at kysse en dreng. Men tabuet ved at blive gravid inden ægteskab var enormt stort, og derfor ville især de unge piger gå langt ved at bruge alternativer metoder for at undgå graviditet.


Thit Jensen og doktor Jonathan

Thit Jensen var en litterær forfatter og forkæmper for retten til p-pillen.
Hun rejste rundt i hele landet for at argumentere for kvinderes ret til selv at bestemme, hvor mange børn de ville have, og hvor mange børn de ikke ville have. Thit Jensen blev ofte udskældt af mænd der ikke mente, at hun skulle blande sig i, hvor ofte og hvornår de ville bedække deres kone.

Thit Jensen allierede sig med doktor Jonathan Leunbach, som
også var for p-pillen. Sammen stiftede de ”Foreningen for seksuel oplysning”. Alliancen blev dog afbrudt senere, da Leunbach blev sendt i fængsel for at have udført ca. 300 illegale aborter.  Thit støttede aldrig retten til abort.


Pillens samfundsmæssige konsekvenser

Med p-pillen fik kvinder adgang til et nemt præventionsmiddel, som de helt selv kunne styre. Det krævede ingenting af den mandlige partner. For seksualiteten betød det, at det blev meget mere ufarligt for kvinden, og det gav bl.a. gifte kvinder en kontrol over hvor mange børn de ønskede sig, uden at manden kunne gøre ret meget. Derfor var p-pillen afgørende og en stor begivenhed både for 1960’erne, den seksuelle frigørelse og kvindernes indtog på arbejdsmarkedet.



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